Midterm elections in USA are the general elections that occur in November, halfway between the presidential elections. On November 6, 2018, next midterm elections will be held.
Which Federal offices are up for the midterm election in USA in 2018?
- Members of the United States congress, including 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
- One-third of all U.S. senators.
- Thirty-six state governors and three U.S. territory governors.
- Many city mayors.
Fifty-one seats are needed for control of Senate and 218 are needed for the House.
Voters choose the members of the Congress in the Midterm Elections that are held halfway between presidential elections. Voters elect one-third of all U.S. senators and all 435 members of the U.S. House of Representatives during the midterms.
Midterm elections in USA are significant because it determines which political party whether Democratic or Republican will control each chamber of Congress for the next two years.
The party in control of either chamber is the party more likely to get its proposed legislation passed in that chamber. Proposed legislation must pass in both the House and the Senate for it to reach the president’s desk for approval.
What is US House of Representatives?
As per the constitution, the US house of Representatives makes and passes federal laws.
Members of the U.S. House of Representatives serve two-year terms, which mean that all 435 representatives are elected in both midterm and presidential election years.
The number of representatives in the house is fixed by the law at no more than 435 which proportionally represent the population of the 50 states in the US. Each representative serves the citizens of a specific congressional district.
General conditions to be elected as a representative are: he or must be at least 25 years old, a U.S. citizen for at least seven years, and live in the state he or she represents.
Midterm election generally do not have as much voter turnaround as general presidential election but it was found in a research done by Pew Research Centre, that voters are taking elections more seriously now compared to the previous years.
One of the key facts to be noted here is that over the past 21 midterm elections, the President’s party or we can say the party in power has lost an average 30 seats in the House, and an average 4 seats in the Senate.
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